Ammonia is the world’s most energy-intensive commodity chemical, responsible for 1-2% of global energy consumption and 1.8% of global CO₂ emissions. Approximately 90% of the carbon emissions are from the production of hydrogen − for every ton of hydrogen, 9 tons of CO₂ are produced.
Due to its substantial carbon footprint, the ammonia industry is coming under increased scrutiny as a target for industrial decarbonization efforts. As the Energy Transition gains momentum, ammonia producers will face increased pressure to develop and implement individually tailored decarbonization strategies while staying competitive.
At the same time, the industry is on the verge of new opportunities as green ammonia is being considered as a low carbon energy vector. Ammonia may replace fossil fuels in transportation markets, such as bunker fuels. It may also be used in engines and power plants as a low carbon fuel, and has potential as a carrier for low carbon hydrogen.
For the industry to successfully manage these risks and opportunities, multiple elements must be in place. We explore this complexity in ACRIS.