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Carbon Intervention Database
ACRIS defines carbon interventions as government generated fiscal interventions, which are explicitly targeted at reducing the carbon footprint in a defined region, and industry.
The interventions covered in the global online database are:
- Emission Trading Systems: market mechanisms for the definition, allocation and exchange of carbon emission rights. And,
- Carbon Taxes: levies imposed on carbon emitting activities to disincentivise carbon emissions.
Between them these cover over 98% of the current carbon intervention landscape.
Global Carbon Emissions
The global emissions database includes emissions data from over 200 countries, reported yearly since 1990. Where available the database includes emissions level information back to the 1860’s. The database allows analysts to track country-level emissions data over time, and compare these with a country level Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) targets (in the sister database) to help with the mapping of decarbonization needs, plans, and targets. The data is referenced from the World Bank, Our World in Data and the Global Carbon Project. As one of the outcomes of the upcoming COP26 meeting in October 2021 will be an agreement of country level GHG inventorying methodologies and reporting. We expect some slight data discontinuities between the current dataset, shown here, and the next global emissions inventory, which is due to be published 2022.
Hydrogen Pricing Model
Today there is no current open book price for low-carbon hydrogen, nor is there a futures platform where it can be openly traded. However, there is a need to provide a price benchmark for low or no carbon hydrogen for purposes of policy, technology and project development.
The hydrogen price model used in the Advisian Carbon Risk Index Service is based on a bottom up, engineering cost of production model based on inputs from Worley / Advisian engineering data and variable cost inputs. The price model includes a calculated price for green and blue hydrogen, including a project internal rate of return.
Nationally Determined Contributions Database
Countries which have signed up to the Paris Agreement must produce a plan of action to reduce emissions. These are known as Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs. An NDC is made up of unconditional and conditional targets. Unconditional targets are those which countries agree to meet without any external financial support. Conditional targets are those that are suggested could also be met if financial support is provided.